Bond purchase contracts are generally private securities or small business investment vehicles. These securities are not sold to the community, but sold directly to insurers. In addition, borrowing agreements may be exempt from SEC registration requirements. In a repo, the investor/lender provides cash to a borrower, the loan being secured by the borrower`s collateral, usually bonds. If the borrower becomes insolvent, the guarantee is granted to the investor/lender. Investors are generally financial enterprises such as money funds, while borrowers are non-intrusive financial institutions, such as investment banks and hedge funds. The investor/lender calculates an interest rate called “pension rate” $X the granting of loans and recovers a higher amount $Y. In addition, the investor/lender may demand guarantees that require a value greater than the amount he lends. This difference is the “haircut.” These concepts are illustrated in the diagram and in the equations section. If investors are at greater risk, they may charge higher pension interest rates and demand higher reductions. A third party may be involved to facilitate the transaction; In this case, the transaction is called a “tri-party deposit.”  A pension contract, also known as repo, PR or “Sale and Repurchase Agreement,” is a form of short-term borrowing, mainly in government bonds. The distributor sells the underlying guarantee to investors and, by mutual agreement between the two parties, buys it back shortly thereafter, usually the next day, at a slightly higher price. Payments in kind are payments of securities or other instruments, not money – such as a swap.
In the investment fund sector, child-in-child repayments are rarely used and are common for listed funds (ETFs). Fund managers may feel that repayments hurt investors in the long run; Therefore, instead of paying cash to those who wish to leave a fund, they offer positions on other securities on a pro-rata basis. Treasury or treasury bonds, corporate and treasury bonds and equities and equities can all be used as “guarantees” in a repurchase transaction. However, unlike a secured loan, the right to securities is transferred from the seller to the buyer. Coupons (interest payable to the owner of the securities) that mature while the pension buyer owns the securities are usually passed directly on the seller of securities. This may seem counter-intuitive, given that the legal ownership of the guarantees during the pension agreement belongs to the purchaser. Rather, the agreement could provide that the buyer will receive the coupon, with the money to be paid in the event of a buyback being adjusted as compensation, although this is rather typical of the sale/buyback. Repayment is an investor`s return on fixed-rate debt such as a bond, investment fund or preferred share. A bond purchase agreement (EPS) is a contract that contains certain clauses that are executed on the day of the valuation of the new bond issue. The terms of an EPS include: the repayment of an investment can generate a capital gain or loss, both recorded on fixed income investments and investment fund shares. Capital gains tax is reduced by capital losses recorded in the same year.