What Is Canada`s Safe Third Country Agreement

This agreement meant that Canada had to deny anyone arriving at an official U.S. point of entry and prevent them from applying for a refugee in Canada, as the U.S. is considered a “safe country” to make such a claim. However, refugee claimants discovered a so-called loophole in this agreement, meaning that when they arrived between official ports of entry, they were allowed to submit their claims in Canada. For all other countries that may be designated as safe third countries in the future: Under the Safe Third Country Agreement, which entered into force in 2004, Canada and the United States recognize each other as safe places where potential refugees can seek protection. Under the Safe Third Country Agreement (CDCE), refugee claimants who arrive under a formal agreement between Canada and the United States, border crossings that go both ways, are rejected and asked to seek asylum in the country where they arrived. Lawyers for refugees turned back at the Canadian border have challenged the pact, saying the United States is not a “safe” country under President Donald Trump. Read more: Safe Third Country Agreement Declared Unconstitutional – Here`s How It Could Continue The agreement was signed on December 5, 2002 in Washington, D.C. by Bertin Côté (Deputy Head of Mission, Embassy of Canada) and Arthur E. Dewey (Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees and Migration, U.S.

Department of State). The government has repeatedly said it is negotiating with the United States to “modernize” the safe third country agreement, but has never explained what this means and whether any changes to the agreement would prevent people from seeking asylum after crossing the border between official ports of entry. Persons marked for a serious criminal past are prohibited from seeking refugee protection, regardless of how they enter the country. Ahmed Hussen, speaking as Canada`s minister at IRCC, said the terms of the Safe Third Country Agreement remained respected. The ruling Liberal Party of Canada has not communicated any plan or intention to suspend the agreement. [21] Under the Safe Third Country Agreement, which has been in force since December 2004, Canada and the United States each declare the other country safe for refugees and close the door to most applicants at the U.S.-Canada border. To date, the United States is the only country designated by Canada as a safe third country under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. The Trudeau administration, however, has decided to appeal the decision to stick to an untenable deal, at a time when the Trump administration`s racist and nativist policies are making it all the more dangerous and illustrating the contradictions of Canada`s refugee and immigration policies. .